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Lessons learned: critical care management of patients with Ebola in the United States

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Title

Lessons learned: critical care management of patients with Ebola in the United States

Description

This report will describe the preparations for and the provision of care of two patients with Ebola virus disease in the biocontainment unit at the University of Nebraska Medical Center.

Date

2015-06-01

Citation

Johnson, D. W., J. N. Sullivan, C. A. Piquette, A. L. Hewlett, K. L. Bailey, P. W. Smith, A. C. Kalil and S. J. Lisco (2015). "Lessons learned: critical care management of patients with Ebola in the United States." Crit Care Med 43(6): 1157-1164.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This report will describe the preparations for and the provision of care of two patients with Ebola virus disease in the biocontainment unit at the University of Nebraska Medical Center. DATA SOURCES: Patient medical records. STUDY SELECTION: Not applicable. DATA EXTRACTION: Not applicable. DATA SYNTHESIS: Not applicable. CONCLUSIONS: Safe and effective care of patients with Ebola virus disease requires significant communication and planning. Adherence to a predetermined isolation protocol is essential, including proper donning and doffing of personal protective equipment. Location of the patient care area and the logistics of laboratory testing, diagnostic imaging, and the removal of waste must be considered. Patients with Ebola virus disease are often dehydrated and need adequate vascular access for fluid resuscitation, nutrition, and phlebotomy for laboratory sampling. Advanced planning for acute life-threatening events and code status must be considered. Intensivist scheduling should account for the significant amount of time required for the care of patients with Ebola virus disease. With appropriate precautions and resources, designated hospitals in the United States can safely provide care for patients with Ebola virus disease.

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