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Read current official WHO and CDC news updates, listed below in the Newsfeeds section, descending from the most recent on top. See the notices from both organizations mapped globally immediately below.**

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WHO Disease Outbreaks

  • Human infection with avian influenza A (H5N8) – the Russian Fe...
    Fri, 26 Feb 2021
    On 18 February 2021, the National IHR Focal Point for the Russian Federation notified WHO of detection of avian influenza A(H5N8) in seven human clinical specimens. These are the first reported detection of avian influenza A(H5N8) in humans. Positive clinical specimens were collected from poultry farm workers who participated in a response operation to contain an avian influenza A(H5N8) outbreak detected in a poultry farm in Astrakhan Oblast in the Russian Federation. The laboratory confirmation of the seven specimens were performed by the State Research Centre for Virology and Biotechnology VECTOR (WHO H5 Reference Laboratory). The age of seven positive cases ranged between 29 to 60 years and five were female.

    Between 3 and 11 December, a total of 101 000 of 900 000 egg laying hens on the farm died. This high mortality rate prompted an investigation. Samples were collected from these birds and an initial detection of avian influenza A(H5N8) was performed by the Russian regional veterinary laboratory. On 11 December, the outbreak was confirmed by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Reference laboratory, and the Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGBI-ARRIAH), in Vladimir, the Russian Federation. Outbreak containment operations started immediately and continued for several days due to the large size of the poultry farm.
  • Ebola virus disease – Guinea...
    Wed, 17 Feb 2021
    On 14 February 2021, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Guinea informed WHO of a cluster of Ebola Virus
  • Rift Valley fever – Kenya...
    Fri, 12 Feb 2021
    Rift Valley fever (RVF) has been reported in Kenya in humans in Isiolo and Mandera counties and in

CDC Travel Notices:

 

Click here to search for travel related diseases by country.

The Travel Clinical Assistant (TCA) is by the Georgia Department of Health.

 

CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR):

 

Current Journal Updates

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Clinical Infectious Diseases Journal

This list includes items from the latest issue of the Clinical Infectious Diseases Journal.

  • In the Literature...
    Mon, 02 Aug 2021

  • A 35-Year-Old Immunocompromised Male With Epigastric Pain...
    Mon, 02 Aug 2021
    A 35-year-old immunocompromised male who was at 2-year status after simultaneous liver and kidney transplant presented to the emergency department with 1 week of nausea, vomiting, and epigastric pain and 1 day of coffee-grounds emesis. Both recipient and donor were known to be seropositive for the cytomegalovirus and the Epstein-Barr virus. The patient had a history of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus type 1 and was not compliant with his medications. He had also been taking immunosuppressants inconsistently for 1 month prior to the presentation due to financial constraints. He denied fever, chills, diarrhea, hematochezia, melena, or dysuria. He was an active smoker but denied alcohol and illicit drug use. The patient was hemodynamically stable on admission with a physical examination remarkable for scleral icterus, jaundice, and epigastric tenderness without rebound. Laboratory investigation showed a hemoglobin of 13 g/dL, white blood cell count of 15 × 109/L with left shift, a platelet count of 216 × 109/L, blood glucose of 773 mg/dL with an anion gap of 22 mEq/L, aspartate aminotransferase of 459 IU/L, alanine aminotransferase of 280 IU/L, total bilirubin of 24.7 mg/dL, alkaline phosphatase of 2570 IU/L, blood urea nitrogen of 67 mg/dL, and creatinine of 3.9 mg/dL. His blood B-hydroxybutyrate was positive. Computed tomographic (CT) scan of his abdomen revealed diffuse gastric wall thickening, gastric cardia pneumatosis, as well as air in the adjacent gastric vein, superior mesenteric vein, and main portal vein without intra-abdominal free air (Figure 1). Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed and demonstrated esophagitis, portal hypertensive gastropathy, severely erythematous gastric mucosa with stigmata of recent bleeding, and dark red blood clots (Figure 2). Biopsies were taken for histology. The pathology of the gastric body biopsy is shown in Figure 3.
  • Reply to Chandereng and Chappell...
    Mon, 02 Aug 2021
    To the Editor—We thank Chandereng and Chappell [1] for their informative letter. We agree that applying response-adaptive randomization (RAR) to blocks instead of individuals and performing a stratified analysis should be more robust to bias caused by temporal trends than the commonly used RAR methods. We also agree with the title of their letter, especially the “if you really must” part. We do not believe that there is an ethical imperative to use RAR. Those who feel an ethical obligation to use RAR should insist on the safeguards provided in the Chandereng and Chappell letter.

Listen: New England Journal of Medicine

The New England Journal of Medicine is a weekly general medicine journal, and this audio news feed presents interviews with specialists.

  • Looking Back and Looking Forward — Part 2...
    Wed, 04 Aug 2021
    Eric Rubin is the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal. Lindsey Baden is a Deputy Editor of the Journal. Stephen Morrissey, the interviewer, is the Executive Managing Editor of the Journal. E.J. Rubin, L.R. Baden, and S. Morrissey. Audio Interview: Looking Back and Looking Forward — Part 2. N Engl J Med 2021;385:e25.
  • NEJM Interview: Dr. David Hunter on the complementary approaches ...
    Wed, 04 Aug 2021
    Dr. David Hunter is a professor of epidemiology and medicine at the University of Oxford, a professor emeritus at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and a statistical editor at the Journal. Stephen Morrissey, the interviewer, is the Executive Managing Editor of the Journal. D.J. Hunter. The Complementarity of Public Health and Medicine — Achieving “the Highest Attainable Standard of Health”. N Engl J Med 2021;385:481-484.
  • Looking Back and Looking Forward — Part 1...
    Wed, 28 Jul 2021
    Eric Rubin is the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal. Lindsey Baden is a Deputy Editor of the Journal. Stephen Morrissey, the interviewer, is the Executive Managing Editor of the Journal. E.J. Rubin, L.R. Baden, and S. Morrissey. Audio Interview: Looking Back and Looking Forward — Part 1. N Engl J Med 2021;385:e24.

Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal:

This list contains articles published online ahead of print.

 

Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy:

News from the University of Minnesota Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP).

Johns Hopkins Medicine RSS Feed:

Johns Hopkins Medicine science and medical news.

  • Muscle Protein That Makes Vertebrates More Fit Linked to Limited ...
    Wed, 04 Aug 2021
    Newswise imageResearchers from Johns Hopkins Medicine say they have added to evidence that a protein called CaMKII improves strength, endurance, muscle health and fitness in young animals. Their experiments working with mice and fruit flies, however, found that the gene for CaMKII also contributes to an evolutionary tradeoff: increased susceptibility to age-associated diseases, frailty and mortality.
  • Johns Hopkins Study: Anti-Parasitic Drug Slows Pancreatic Cancer ...
    Tue, 03 Aug 2021
    Newswise imageAs the third-most lethal cancer in the United States, with only a 1% five-year survival rate for people with its most aggressive form, pancreatic cancer has long been a target of researchers who search for ways to slow or stop its growth and spread. Now, a team of Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers have found that an anti-parasitic drug prevents pancreatic cancer's initiation, progression and metastasis in genetically engineered mice.
  • Gene Mutation Weakens Virus-Fighting Protein in the Gut Causing R...
    Fri, 30 Jul 2021
    Newswise imageJohns Hopkins Medicine researchers, in collaboration with national and international researchers, have identified a genetic mutation in a small number of children with a rare type of inflammatory bowel disease. The discovery of the mutation, which weakens the activity of a protein linked to how the immune system fights viruses in the gut, may help researchers pinpoint the cause of more common bowel diseases, investigators say.

American Journal of Infection Control:

RSS feed including 'the latest published articles, both published in an issue and published as Articles in Press.'

  • Contingency planning for healthcare worker masks in case of medi...
    2021-08-04
    The COVID-19 pandemic placed unprecedented strain on the medical supply chain. Early in the pandemic, uncertainty regarding personal protective equipment (PPE) was high. Protecting healthcare workers from contracting illness is critical to preserve trust and workforce capacity.
  • Introduction of the BNT162b2 vaccine during a COVID-19 nursing h...
    2021-08-04
    Of those with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the United States, approximately 50% of the hospitalizations, 50% of the intensive care unit admissions, and 80% of the deaths occurred in adults ≥ 65 years of age, with the highest fatality being among those ≥ 85 years of age 1. Nursing home residents, in particular, are at high risk of hospitalization and death2. Given the high mortality rate, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended in December 2020 that nursing home residents and healthcare workers (HCW) be the first to be vaccinated with a mRNA COVID-19 vaccine 3.
  • Considerations for Implementation: Pediatric Outpatient Antimicr...
    2021-08-03
    It is encouraging that most acute care centers have formal antimicrobial stewardship (AS) programs; though, most antibiotic use occurs in outpatient settings where access to infectious diseases specialists are limited. Stewardship programs often target dichotomous populations (adult or pediatric), but most children receive care in nonacademic, community outpatient settings. We propose three considerations for adult providers and infection preventionists seeking to incorporate outpatient AS elements and implement quality improvement initiatives that optimize pediatric care.


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