Accessible Ebola Outbreak Timeline

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Suspected Patient Zero

Tracing Ebola’s Breakout to an African 2-Year-Old. Read about it in The New York Times (Aug. 9, 2014). The epidemic has been traced back to 2-Year-Old Emile Ouamouno in the village of Meliandou in Guéckédou, Guinea.

12/6/13

 

 

 

Guinea: Ebola epidemic declared

Guinea: Ebola epidemic declared, MSF launches emergency response Read the article from Médecins Sans Frontières.

3/22/14

 

 

 

Ebola Spreads from Guinea to Liberia

March 31, 2014: Confirmed cases in Liberia spread through people who had traveled to Guinea.

3/31/14

 

 

 

Ebola Spreads to Sierra Leone

Outbreak in Sierra Leone Is Tied to Single Funeral Where 14 Women Were Infected. Read the article in The New York Times.

5/15/14

 

 

 

CDC activates its its Emergency Operations Center (EOC)

The CDC activated its its Emergency Operations Center (EOC) July 9, 2014. Read more about the CDC.

7/9/14

 3/31/16

 

 

Doctor Contracts Ebola

U.S. Doctor Contracts Ebola While Treating Sick in Liberia.Read the article on NBC News, July 26, 2014.

7/27/14

 

 

 

Travel Notice

The CDC issued Level 3 "Avoid Nonessential Travel" notices for Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone on July 31st, 2014. CDC Travel to Liberia was dropped to a Travel notice Level 1 "Use Normal Precautions on September 3rd, 2015. CDC

7/31/14

9/3/15

 

 

1st U.S. Ebola Patient

After agreeing on July 31st to take an ebola patient transferred from Africa, Kent Brantly arrived on August 2nd.
(Emory).

8/2/14

8/21/14

 

 

COCA prepares clinicians

Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) provides timely, accurate, and credible information to clinicians related to emergency preparedness and response and emerging public health threats. COCA fosters partnerships with national clinician organizations to strengthen information-sharing networks before, during, and after a public health emergency.

On August 05, 2014 COCA noted that "The recent Ebola virus disease (or Ebola hemorrhagic fever) outbreak in West Africa has increased the possibility of patients traveling from the impacted countries to U.S. hospitals. Additionally, two American citizens with Ebola virus disease are being medically evacuated to the United States to receive care in a U.S. hospital. During this COCA Call, clinicians will receive updates on the status of the outbreak in West Africa and guidance on what steps U.S. healthcare facilities can take to prepare for the possibility of caring for a patient with Ebola virus disease."

In October of 2014 COCA held a call with subject matter experts to help U.S. hospitals prepare for Ebola.

Later in July, 2015 COCA updated clinicians on the status of the Ebola epidemic, and worked to prepare them on how to deal with potentially at risk travelers. COCA stated that clinicians received "guidance for healthcare providers presented with a patient who has traveled from Liberia in the last 21 days," as well as "guidance on taking thorough histories (covering health, travel, and exposure) and on using clinical judgment to evaluate patients based on those histories and their symptoms," and advice on considering "other illnesses occurring among travelers returning from West Africa in the differential diagnosis, including malaria."

8/5/14

6/17/15

 

 

2nd American Ebola Patient

The second American Ebola patient arrived at Emory on August 5. Read the article in Time, August 5, 2014.

8/5/14

8/21/14

 

 

Travel Restrictions to Nigeria

The CDC issued a further Level 2 "Practice Enhanced Precautions" travel notice for Nigeria on August 5th, 2014. CDC

8/5/14

 

 

 

3rd American Ebola Patient

Third American Ebola Patient Arrives in Omaha. Read the article in Time, September 5, 2014.

9/5/14

10/06/14

 

 

4th American Airlifted to the USA

Ian Crozier was airlifted to Emory on September 9th, and proved to have the worst case treated at Emory, with a viral load 100 times the previous patients. He was released on October 19th. He later struggled with inflammatory eye disease as a part of the Ebola.

9/9/14

10/19/14

 

 

Travel Restrictions to DRC

The CDC updated a Level 2 "Practice Enhanced Precautions" travel notice to the Democratic Republic of the Congo on September 11, 2014. The notice was removed on November 21st when the country had gone 42 days without another case of Ebola. This was a simultaneous outbreak unrelated to the other Western Africa cases. CDC

9/11/14

 

 

 

NBC cameraman evacuated

NBC cameraman Ashoka Mukpo was evacuated to Nebraska for treatment after testing positive for Ebola.Read the article in NBC News, Oct. 6, 2014.

10/6/14

10/22/14

 

 

Travel Restrictions to Nigeria dropped

The CDC travel notice to Nigeria was dropped to a Level 1 "Practice Usual Precautions" on October 7, 2014. CDC

10/7/14

 

 

 

US Restricts Travel

U.S. Will Restrict Travel From Ebola-Hit West African Countries to 5 Airports. Read the article in Time, October 21, 2014.

10/21/14

 

 

 

Health Worker Positive

Health Care Worker Tests Positive for Ebola at New York City Hospital. Read the article in Time, October 23, 2014.

10/23/14

11/11/14

 

 

Dr. Salia Evacuated

Dr. Martin Salia arrived at Nebraska for treatment for Ebola after a delay in diagnosis. He died November 17th, two days after his arrival. Read more in the New York Times.

11/15/14

11/17/14

 

 

Travel to Mali

The CDC issued a Level 2 "Practice Enhanced Precautions" travel notice on November 16, 2014. The last Ebola patient tested negative on December 5th and the travel notice was removed January 6th, 2015. CDC

11/16/14

1/6/15

 

 

4th Patient Presents Eye Problems

Ian Crozier presented ongoing eye problems with significant Ebola viral load in his left eye.

12/2014

 

 

 

US Healthcare worker to Maryland

Another US Healthcare worker was evacuated, and admitted to the NIH in Maryland on March 13th. The worker was discharged April 9th in good condition. Read more on NIH.

3/15/15

4/9/15

 

 

NETEC is Created.

The US Department of Health & Human Services announced the National Ebola Training and Education Center (NETEC), a collaboration of Emory University, the University of Nebraska Medical Center, and the New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation (Bellevue Hospital). Emory.

7/2/15

 

Acronyms/Abbreviations

https://repository.netecweb.org/items/show/3

Ebola in Nov. 2015

WHO: The Ebola crisis in November 2015, one year after its terrifying peak

11/1/15

11/30/15

 

 

Outbreak ends in Guinea.

Ebola outbreak ends in Guinea, says WHO. Read the article in BBC News, December 29, 2015.

12/29/15

 

 

 

Ebola at Zero

Latest Ebola outbreak over in Liberia; West Africa is at zero, but new flare-ups are likely to occur. Read the article.
Yet on January 15, 2016, a new Ebola case in Sierra Leone causes the WHO to continue to stress risk of more flare-ups. Read the News Release.

 

1/14/16

 

 

 

Ebola grant expanded

The grant was expanded from $12 million to $24 million.
A $12 million grant awarded in 2015 to establish the National Ebola Training and Education Center (NETEC) has been doubled to $24 million to allow for a variety of expanded services, including creation of a special pathogens research network.

2/3/17

 

 

 

Ebola: People + Public Health + Political Will

See information on the CDC Museum exhibit about the 2014-2016 Ebola Outbreak.

6/19/17

6/15/18

 

 

Talk preparedness at Summit

Regional Ebola treatment centers talk preparedness at NETEC Summit

7/12/17

 

 

 

Congo Ebola Outbreak

Between April 1st and July 24th, 2018, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported 54 Ebola virus disease cases in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), resulting in 33 deaths. Fifty WHO public health experts were deployed to assist the DRC’s Ministry of Health. Confirmed and probable cases have been reported from three health zones: Bikoro (21 cases), Iboko (29 cases), and Wangata (4 cases). On July 24th the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of Congo declared the end of the outbreak, after two incubation periods passed without infection.

04/01/18

07/24/18

 

 

Another Outbreak in the Congo

On August 1, 2018, a new outbreak of Ebola was declared by the Ministry of Health in the North Kivu Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). On the 10th of August the WHO produced a National Plan for the Response to the Ebola Virus Disease Epidemic in North Kivu Province. On the 15th of August the WHO made recommendations for international travelers. See the WHO report from 8/15/2018.

08/01/18

 

 

 

DRC Outbreak reaches a status as the second largest Ebola outbreak.   

DRC's 426-case Ebola outbreak now 2nd largest ever

Read the article:

 11/29/2018